economics

Canada Posts Record Jobs Gain Despite Concerns in Oil Sector

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Canada Posts Record Jobs Gain Despite Concerns in Oil Sector

  • Employment rises 94,100 versus expectations for 10,000 gain
  • Unemployment rate falls to lowest in more than 40 years
Canadian Job Growth in November Blows Past Estimates

Canada’s job market showed surprising resiliency last month in the face of a crisis in the oil sector, tempering worries about the economy’s health.

Employment increased by 94,100 in November, led by mostly full-time jobs that were broadly-based across industries, Statistics Canada said Friday from Ottawa. That’s the largest one-month gain in records dating back to 1976. The jobless rate dropped to 5.6 percent, also the lowest in the data, from 5.8 percent in October.

This strength was unexpected -- economists were only expecting a gain of 10,000 -- in an economy hit by major headwinds in recent weeks. Economists and policy makers have been warning turmoil in the oil sector, which is grappling with depressed prices, could undermine the economic outlook and the prospects for future interest-rate increases.

“The large gain in jobs will keep a January rate hike on the table for now, but we’ll need to see similarly positive evidence from other indicators and no major reversal in the next jobs report,” CIBC Capital Markets economist Royce Mendes wrote in a research note.

The Canadian dollar rallied on the report, gaining 0.5 percent to C$1.3316 per U.S. dollar at 8:37 a.m. in Toronto trading. It had dropped 1.4 percent the previous three days. Yields on Canadian two-year notes rose 3 basis points to 2.02 percent. If sustained, it would mark the first increase in nine days.

Even the oil-producing hub of Alberta showed strength, adding 23,700 jobs on the month and pushing down the unemployment rate to 6.3 percent, near its lowest since 2015.

In percentage terms, employment rose 0.5 percent on the month, the biggest monthly gain since 2012.

The national gain in employment also came with a strong increase in the labor supply, driven higher by rising population and increasing participation rates. The labor force grew by 77,200 last month, the biggest one-month gain since 2012.

While this data series tends to be volatile, the overall state of Canada’s jobs market so far this year had been one of decent employment gains that are neither too hot nor too cold but with some concerning signs -- up until November -- appearing on the labor supply front.

The one negative number in the report was wages, with annual gains slowing to 1.7 percent in November. That’s the slowest since July 2017. Wage gains for permanent workers were 1.5 percent, also the slowest in more than a year.

Erik Hertzberg/Bloomberg

Overall, the economy has added a total 154,000 jobs through November, all full-time. The November number bested the previous high reading of 94,000 in 2012.

Other Highlights

  • Actual hours worked were up 2.1 percent in November from a year ago, versus 0.7 percent in October
  • The economy added 89,900 full-time jobs last month, while recording a 4,100 gain in part-time employment
  • By industry, the professional, scientific and technical services category posted the biggest gain -- 26,000

— With assistance by Erik Hertzberg

(Adds economist comment in fourth paragraph.)